Education is one of the most important founding pillars of any child’s bright future. It is only by way of education that children learn about different subjects like science, mathematics, social studies, etc. as well as moral values, co-curricular and extra-curricular activities.
There are three main stages of education in a person’s life. They are pre-primary, primary, secondary and higher education. During the pre-primary, primary and secondary education phase, children learn about the basic and mid-level concepts of several subjects.
Then, before commencing higher education, they are given an option to specialize in any of the subjects that they would have studied in their initial phases of knowledge attainment. The specialization subject that they would choose in this period of time will set the base for their future educational and career aspirations.
What are the challenges that are faced in higher education all around the world?
There are a myriad of courses that students can choose for pursuing their higher education. But the main challenge that arises in colleges and universities across the globe is whether the education being imparted to students is in accordance with the new social, economic and technological developments.
Education should ultimately lead to the empowerment of individuals. It should result in people acquiring the skill of making decisions based on their own sense of observation and intelligence. Higher education must be focused on moving towards innovation, by way of making use of information and communication technologies that play a crucial part in the learning process.
There are a number of challenges that are being faced by educational institutions across the globe. Some of these challenges include-
#1. Educational model
Efforts must be taken to introduce new pedagogy methods that emphasize more on encouraging creative and critical thinking among the students. The expectations of the institution as well as the society from all the graduates must be defined well in-advance. Students should be trained in ways which enable them to learn things as they go along and also have the capacity to change their minds as and when required. Teaching methods must be more inclined towards real-life scenarios, keeping in mind the various qualities of the human being in mind.
#2. Social responsibility
Institutions imparting higher education must take steps in training the students and also in designing the curriculum in ways that are beneficial to the society. In other words, students should provide service to the society, using the knowledge that is learned from them in these higher educational institutions. There must also be a mechanism of transfer of knowledge gained to other members of the society.
#3. Knowledge creation methods
Creation of new forms of knowledge should not be confined to rigid scientific evaluation. This is because sometimes excess use of scientific methods results in hampering the creative thinking of humans. New methods of pedagogy that take into account transdisciplinary and interdisciplinary approaches need to be discovered.
#4. Management structure of universities
The internal management structure of universities and other institutions must be improved. All resources of the institutions like human, financial and others should be restructured mainly for improving internal democracy. Higher educational institutions need to impart knowledge to students through research methodologies that are categorized by responsibility, autonomy, anticipation and ethics.
#5. Digital Education
Now that technology is being assimilated in almost all spheres of our lives, it is time for higher educational institutions to utilize the latest developments that are happening in the field of educational technology. For example, Making use of the best school management software will enable efficient management of all stakeholders within higher educational institutions.
Hence, it is crucial for higher educational institutions for making sure that knowledge is being imparted in the best possible manner to students pursuing various courses.